Failure To Diagnose Aneurysm
A brain aneurysm is a weak spot in an artery located within the brain. Symptoms of an unruptured brain aneurysm include: dilated pupils, double vision, headache, pain above and behind the eye, and cranial nerve palsy. Most people who experience a rupture of a brain aneurysm suffer from: nausea, vomiting, headache, stiff neck, blurred vision, sensitivity to light and/or loss of sensation.
Brain aneurysms can be treated. How they are treated depends on when they are identified or diagnosed. Where a bleeding aneurysm is misdiagnosed, or goes undiagnosed, it can cause extensive brain damage, paralysis, coma, or death.
Aortic Dissection (Dissecting Aneurysm)
An aortic dissection is when a tear occurs in the inner layer or lining of the aorta - the body's largest artery - which is responsible for transporting oxygen rich blood from the heart to vital organs and throughout the body. When a tear develops in the inner lining of the aorta, blood enters the middle layer of the aorta, causing the inner and middle layer to separate (the blood acts like a wedge). Where the infiltrating blood reaches and penetrates the outer wall of the aorta, the rupture will usually be fatal.
A dissecting aneurysm is a dangerous condition because it has virtually no symptoms. Diagnosis usually requires a computed tomography (CT) scan, computed tomographic angiography (CTA), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and/or angiogram (arteriogram).
Symptoms of an aortic dissection include:
- sudden severe chest or upper back pain;
- a shearing sensation in the upper back;
- shortness of breath;
- weakness; and
- loss of consciousness.