There are approximately 14,000 active neurologists in the United States. After medical school, each must complete a 1 year residency in internal medicine followed by a 3 year residency and/or fellowship in neurology. According to a recent report prepared by the American Medical Group Association, the median salary for the specialty is just over $236,000.00 per year. There are approximately 3,500 active neurosurgeons in the United States. After medical school, each must complete a 1 year residency in general surgery followed by a 5-7 year residency and/or fellowship in neurosurgery. The median salary for the specialty is just $548,000.00 per year.
Neurologists and neurosurgeons are called upon by patients to perform neurological examinations of muscle strength and movement, balance, reflexes, tone, sensation, memory and cognition, in order to diagnose and treat a variety of diseases. Where a neurologist or neurosurgeon fails to order the appropriate test (such as a CT scan, MRI, EEG, EMG or lumbar puncture), or treat a brain or spinal disorder appropriately, he or she may be liable for medical malpractice.
Common conditions and diseases treated by neurologists or neurosurgeons include:
- brain damage;
- cerebral palsy;
- meningiomas; and
- acoustic neuromas.
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