Disc Herniations, Bulges and Tears

The spine is made up of vertebrae, which are separated by twenty-three (23) cushions, known “discs.” Trauma can cause a disc herniation, bulge or tear, which can result in pressure on or irritation of spinal nerves. A disc herniation or bulge can take place anywhere in the spine; however the most common are in the cervical spine (the neck) and the lumbar spine (the lower back).

It is possible to have a disc herniation, bulge, or tear with no obvious symptoms. However, this is rare. While the symptoms of a disc herniation, bulge or tear vary depending on the location of the injury, there are common symptoms, including:

  • pain;
  • numbness;
  • tingling;
  • muscular weakness;
  • parasthesia;
  • absence of reflexes; and
  • paralysis.

There are many ways for healthcare professions to identify and diagnose a disc herniation, bulge, or tear, including:

  • x-ray;
  • computed tomography scan (CT or CAT scan);
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
  • myelogram;
  • electromyogram; and
  • nerve conduction study (EMG or NCS).

There are a number of ways to treat a disc injury, including:

  • bed rest;
  • physical therapy;
  • massage therapy;
  • oral steroids;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • cortisone injections;
  • chiropractic manipulations; and
  • surgery.

The lawyers at Bottar Leone, PLLC, have considerable experience investigating, prosecuting and trying to verdict cases involving severe personal injuries, including disc herniations, bulges and tears. Contact us now to discuss your case or concerns.